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Climate Change Causes Crisis to Coral Reefs

Updated: Sep 13, 2021

Corals are marine invertebrates within the class Anthozoa of the phylum Cnidaria. Although they do not look like much, they play a vital role for our ocean ecosystem which is important for the world’s sustainability. The current crisis faced by coral reef due to climate change will destroy ocean ecosystems and more.

The coral reefs are getting destroyed by coral bleaching. Coral bleaching is happening all over the world. Coral bleaching is caused by climate change and when the global average temperature goes above one degree Celsius and pollution. This leads corals to get stressed and expel the algae(zooxanthellae) which means it will starve and then turn white like a skeleton.

If we do not act and protect corals it would be a catastrophe. Twenty five percent of all marine animals would lose their habitats that includes sea turtles, crabs, shrimps, jelly fish, star fish and all other land animals that depend on them for food; that would over a million species that will lose their habitat. They also help us by giving a natural barrier as it absorbs the force of the waves and storms, provides us with the seafood and tourism which people’s lives depend on.We cannot sit around, and hope things will get better we need to take action now then we will have a little bit of hope around all of us.

Humankind must live sustainably by reduce eating red meat, reduce their carbon footprint, use less water, reducing food waste, planting trees, using less pesticide, and buying the things that are only needed. We must also pressure our governments to reduce their global green house gas emission. All the things that are dangerous to corals will eventually flow into a river, then it will get into the ocean and harm the corals. If we act now, the corals and our ecosystem can be saved.

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